If done with precision and care, preparing an Organic Terrace Garden can be very easy and methodical. Let us walk you through some simple and low-cost ways on the basics of getting started with your own terrace garden.
What would you require?
First and foremost, you must ensure that you have ample space in your terrace/balcony for plants to grow, and where you can fit in a few containers. You must also have sufficient space to sit and work comfortably in.
You must ensure the flooring of your terrace is water proof and there is an outlet for the water to flow out instead of flooding the space.
A container should be able to hold water and soil and other ingredients within itself. For short-term usages you could also use an oil can, a vegetable/milk crate, a good thick UV treated plastic grow bag, water bottle/can, used paint buckets, PVC drainage pipes.
You could use plastic pots of size 10 or 12 or more which are good enough for a single plant like tomato, chilli, brinjal, capsicum etc. Also commonly used are pots made out of clay, mud, cement, terracotta and so on.
You must ensure that your terrace receives adequate amount of sunlight. You can place your plants in different regions of the terrace depending upon how much sunlight that area receives. You also have the option of putting up shade nets to control the sunlight reaching your plants. Flowering plants like roses can be placed directly under the sun.
Maintaining a terrace garden would demand generous amounts of water and hence you must ensure that there is a consistent source of water supply on your terrace. Provision to use a hosepipe would be ideal.
5. Gardening tools
A good pair of gloves, a hoe, a fork, a pruner and a spade are the 5 basic tools you’ll need, to get started on your garden. You could visit sites like ChameleonJohn to get coupons of various hardware stores to avail great discounts on purchase of these gardening tools.
Creating the compost is the most crucial and time-consuming part of the Organic terrace gardening process. You need to mix your kitchen waste, leaves and other biodegradable materials and place it in a container with holes underneath it. Turn the mixture every alternate day and within a couple of months, your homemade compost should be ready. You could use catalysts like horse dung to quicken the process further.
The first step in this phase is procuring soil which can be a challenge in urban areas. However, at this stage the quality of soil does not matter. Therefore, you can even get some soil available at any construction site.
The second step is mixing the soil with the successfully prepared compost in a container.
The third step is the actual planting. Place the seeds half an inch under the level of soil. Place a greater number of seeds as it increases the probability of germination. The seeds should sprout within two fortnights. If not, repeat the process with more seeds.
Once the seedlings rise, care needs to be taken to ensure their proper development. Timely watering, ample sunlight provision, protection against mites and soil-tending needs to be done on a regular basis for your terrace garden to blossom. After your plants mature, you can even use the process of cutting instead of seeding to grow new plants thereafter.
Starting your own terrace garden can be challenging at some levels but is a very rewarding project. Apart from being able to grow your own set of flowers and vegetables, they increase the aesthetic value of your home and balance the ecosystem around you. So go on, and put your green fingers to a field test!